How Does CSA Work?
CSA re-engineers the former enforcement and compliance process to provide a better
view into how well large commercial motor vehicle carriers and drivers are complying
with safety rules, and to intervene earlier with those who are not. Rolled out in
December 2010, the program establishes a new enforcement and compliance
that will utilize the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's (FMCSA) resources,
and those of its State enforcement partners, more efficiently and effectively, making
the roads even safer for everyone.
The new CSA Operational Model has three major components:
- CSA measures safety performance, using inspection and crash results to identify
carriers whose behaviors could reasonably lead to crashes.
- CSA helps FMCSA and its State Partners correct high-risk behavior by contacting more carriers and drivers—with
interventions tailored to their specific safety problems. In addition, FMCSA will propose new Safety Fitness Determination
(SFD) regulations, which would replace the current three-tiered safety rating process with a single unfit determination.
- CSA covers the full spectrum of safety issues, from how data is collected, evaluated,
and shared to how enforcement officials can intervene most effectively and efficiently
to improve safety on our roads.
FMCSA carefully planned and developed CSA over the past few years. The first step involved a thorough review of the
Agency’s compliance review process, followed by the development of the
Safety Measurement System (SMS)
that uses all roadside inspection and crash data and the development of a new interventions toolbox to efficiently and
effectively address a variety of safety problems. In addition, CSA includes the proposed
This proposed rule would replace the current three-tiered rating system with a single unfit determination, using on-road safety
performance data and/or investigation results to assess the safety fitness of more carriers every month. FMCSA plans to publish
a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for the SFD in January 2016.
The expanded suite of
tools enable investigators to systematically evaluate why safety problems are occurring
in order, to recommend remedies, encourage corrective action(s), and, where corrective
action is inadequate, invoke strong penalties. The new SMS and interventions toolbox
were tested in Colorado, Georgia, Missouri, and New Jersey starting in February
2008. Testing expanded to add Delaware, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota and Montana
Feedback from enforcement staff and carriers indicate that the new model is both
efficient, reaching more carriers, and effective, with some carriers undertaking
proactive efforts to learn more and correct their safety problems.