FMCSA - Federal Motor Carrier Safety Adminstration

ELDs: Improving Safety through Technology

The ELD rule, which requires the adoption of electronic logging devices, is the latest step to address dangerous fatigued driving among drivers of large trucks and buses. Read more

About the ELD Rule

ELDs automatically record driving time, allowing drivers to spend less time preparing logs and more time doing what they do best: driving. The intended result is a decrease in the frequency of fatigued driving by commercial truck drivers, reducing crashes, injuries, and fatalities involving large trucks and buses on our highways. By holding drivers and their companies accountable to critical HOS regulations, ELDs help create a safer work environment, ensuring that drivers take the breaks they need. FMCSA estimates that adopting ELDs will result in 1,844 crashes avoided, 562 fewer injuries, and 26 lives saved annually.

More on the ELD Rule

ELD Provider responsibilities:

  • Create a user account with FMCSA
  • Self-certify devices and register devices with FMCSA
  • Ensure security of devices
  • Respond to carriers to quickly resolve any ELD malfunctions
  • Keep ELD self-certification up-to-date with FMCSA

Frequently Asked Questions

No. The display and print requirement serves as a backup to the data transfer methods. In the event that data transmission fails during a roadside inspection, the safety official must be able to view the required information without entering the cab of the truck. This can be accomplished via either the ELD screen or a printout from the ELD, whichever is supported by the device. If a provider selects the display requirement as the backup method, the device is not required to meet the print requirement and vice versa.

This distance is not specified in order to account for the variety in size of screens. The safety official must be able to read the screen display without having to physically enter the cab of the CMV.

The display must be designed so that it can be reasonably viewed from outside the cab of the vehicle. That may require the device to be untethered from its mount or connected in a manner that would allow it to be passed outside of the vehicle for a reasonable distance.

Yes, this is an acceptable way for all ELDs to function. If the ELD is structured such that the device must be powered on and logged into before the engine is powered to meet the requirements of the rule, this should be made clear to the driver through the device manual and carriers should include this in their driver training.

The manufacturer must select at least one complete option, either telematics (Email and Web Services) or local transfer (USB 2.0 and Bluetooth). So long as one option, which includes both methods, is met, the ELD is compliant. Manufacturers may offer additional methods if they choose.

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